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barefoot-running6According to a study conducted by Trinity College in Dublin women may benefit more from barefoot running than men and may prevent running injuries by participating in the activity. The study used 23 active females having each woman run on treadmills once barefoot and once with running shoes. The results showed that the women showed corrective shifts of the body when running barefoot that could potentially reduce and prevent common running injuries.

Barefoot running, although increasingly popular is not for everyone. For more information on barefoot running contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Barefoot Running

Barefoot running is a fairly popular trend in the running world. More than just simply ‘running without shoes,” barefoot running affects the way your feet hit the ground and your overall posture. Barefoot runners land on the front part of their feet as opposed to those who wear shoes, who usually strike their heel as they hit the ground.

Barefoot running contains many advantages, including:

  • A lower risk for ankle and foot injuries
  • Improvement in balance and body posture
  • Strengthens muscles in the lower legs, ankles and feet that are not normally worked when wearing shoes

There are also some disadvantages to barefoot running, which include:

  • Lack of shoes increases the risk of incurring blisters, scrapes, bruises and cuts
  • Risk of Achilles tendonitis as a result of landing on the front of your feet constantly
  • Needing time and transition to adjust as the switch cannot be automatic

Start on even, flat surfaces and consider investing in minimalist running shoes. Minimalist running shoes provide the ‘feel’ of barefoot running while affording the same protection you get from wearing shoes. Barefoot running can be safe and enjoyable with the proper planning and transition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about barefoot running.

ankle-injury4Weronika Molinski was on her way to start a new fitness program in Colorado when she ruptured her Achilles tendon. Although she was unable to walk for a few months, Molinski was treated with a new minimally invasive surgery that is often compared to knitting. Doctors would use a device to attach sutures to her tendon and pull the sutures in and out of her skin. This method additionally leaves a smaller scar compared to the large vertical scar left with traditional surgeries. While Molinski was simply happy she could exercise again doctors stated, “The benefit is, by making a small incision, you’re minimizing the risk associated with fixing a tendon repair.”

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can cause severe difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

- Inflammation

- Dull to Severe Pain

- Increased blood flow to the tendon

- Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot

- Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise

- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles tendon injuries.

pregnancy6Although soon-to-be moms have many things to take care of during pregnancy, it is additionally important that feet and ankles are paid attention to. During pregnancy many women experience natural weight gain in addition to swollen ankles, feet, and flat feet. Accordingly there are certain exercise techniques that can help reduce these foot ailments. If sitting for a long period of time, take short walks regularly to reduce swelling in the feet and ankles. To reduce over-pronation or flattening of the arch, stretch the calves, rotate the ankles in a circular motion, and try the reverse and standing calf raise.

Pregnancy can put a tremendous amount of stress on the feet. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward. This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages.

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about pregnancy and feet.

Monday, 18 May 2015 08:43

Study Finds Link between Acne and RA

xrayAccording to research conducted by scientists at the Leiden University Medical Centre in Holland, rheumatoid arthritis may be triggered through a microbial infection. Researcher Diahann Jansen has stated that the study shows common bacteria in the flu virus as well as acne. “It doesn’t necessarily mean if you get acne you will get rheumatoid arthritis, but it is possible that if you encounter such a pathogen at some point your immune system will start a response to that pathogen,” stated Jansen. This new discovery is only the beginning in understanding the relationship between microbes and rheumatoid arthritis.

Understanding where RA starts will help treat and prevent the condition. If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Severe pain and immobility are caused by an inflammation of the lining of your joints, and in worse cases the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone can occur.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, many cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area. Pain will often initially present in the toes before the condition worsens and spreads throughout the entire foot.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of the feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

 

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that your podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor may ask you about your medical history and lifestyle to help determine possible causes of your RA.

Treatment

Unfortunately, there is no cure for RA, so treatment options are designed to specifically target the symptoms of it, most notably the pain it causes. Two types of anti-inflammatory drugs – non-steroidal or NSAIDs and corticosteroids – may be prescribed by your doctor. In some severe cases where the joints are too badly damaged, surgery may be an option. As always, speak with your podiatrist to help determine the appropriate treatment options available to you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about rheumatoid Arthritis.

flip-flops7Leah Bourne of StyleCaster has a few tips in avoiding blisters when wearing sandals. For starters, when purchasing a new pair of sandals, wear them around the house with socks for a few days to stretch them out and ease the friction they will cause on the feet. Using an adhesive bandage on the heels will prevent blisters and scraping on the back of the foot, this should also work if the sandal scrapes against any other part of the foot. Additionally, you can tape moleskin or fabric around any part of the shoe that is causing blisters. Placing clear deodorant, talcum powder, baby oil, or taping cotton balls to the feet near blister prone areas will also help prevent any from occurring.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If you have any concerns with blisters on your feet contact podiatrist Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Perth Amboy, NJ. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a band-aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a doctor.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about blisters on the feet.

brokentoenewDerek Hough, five time champion instructor on Dancing with the Stars, has suffered a broken toe after rehearsing for the show’s 10th anniversary special. Derek will have to stay in Los Angeles until his injuries are rehabilitated. For now his understudy will take over for the New York Spring Spectacular in New York City. As for Dancing with the Stars, Hough was unable to compete with Nastia Liukin, but pro-dancer Sasha Farber stepped in temporarily. “He’ll come back harder, better, faster, stronger,” his co-star stated.

A broken toe can be very painful and lead to complications if not properly fixed. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What to Know About a Broken Toe

Although most people try to avoid foot trauma such as banging, stubbing, or dropping heavy objects on their feet, the unfortunate fact is that it is a common occurrence. Given the fact that toes are positioned in front of the feet, they typically sustain the brunt of such trauma. When trauma occurs to a toe, the result can be a painful break (fracture).

Symptoms of a Broken Toe

  • throbbing pain
  • swelling
  • bruising on the skin and toenail
  • the inability to move the toe
  • toe appears crooked or disfigured
  • tingling or numbness in the toe

 

Generally, it is best to stay off of the injured toe with the affected foot elevated.

Severe toe fractures may be treated with a splint, cast, and in some cases, minor surgery. Due to its position and the pressure it endures with daily activity, future complications can occur if the big toe is not properly treated.

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about a broken toe.

anklesprains2Argentine forward and world renowned soccer superstar Lionel Messi is recovering from an injured foot he sustained during the recent El Clasico win over Real Madrid. Messi was forced to sit out of both of Argentina’s friendlies against El Salvador and Ecuador over his clubs international break due to the injury.

However, he was soon able to participate in light running and stretching activities. According to Barcelona officials on their website, “The inflammation of Messi’s Foot has improved and the player will attempt to join the rest of internationals tomorrow.

Getting back into sports after foot and ankle injuries may sometimes be tricky due to possibilities of worsening any injuries. If you have any concerns about your foot and ankle needs contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Getting Back into Sports after Foot and Ankle Injuries
While one of the most common injuries among athletes may be a sprained ankle, there are still many other types of injuries that plague athletes in any sport. But for less severe foot and ankle injuries, it is recommended by physical therapists and sports medicine doctors that athletes use the R.I.C.E. method to help alleviate pain and to speed up the healing process.

The acronym R.I.C.E. stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation. These four steps help in the healing process, not only to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation, but also to improve overall health of the affected area, allowing you to get back on to your feet again. Although resting is usually the key to all healing, it is necessary to see a doctor to ensure treatment for any other problems that may not be obvious to you right away.

It is best for injured athletes to allow themselves time to heal. Some athletes need hours of re-training, exercise, check-ups with their physical therapist, and other remedies. But with the right attitude and motivation, it is not hard to get back into sports after foot and ankle injuries.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about getting into sports after foot and ankle injuries.

Monday, 20 April 2015 00:00

Salon Visits can help ease Cracked Heels

crackAccording to Suzanne Edmonds of SunMedia, it is best to take good care of your foot health on both the outside and on the inside. Sometimes a trip to the salon for a pedicure is an integral part of maintaining that foot health, especially when it comes to cracked heels.

Pedicures involve soaking the foot in warm soapy water in a bowl that is sanitized to avoid bacteria infecting the foot. After the soak, the hardened skin on the heels should be a little softened and easy to file down. The final step of the pedicure is a layer of moisturizer that can also be applied regularly at home to prevent heels from cracking again and simultaneously reducing any calluses that may have formed.

Cracked heels can become painful if left untreated. To learn more, consult with Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.  

The Truth about Cracked Heels
Cracked Heels
Cracked heels are unappealing, and make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Not only may they look bad, but they can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?
Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing
Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief, or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – wearing socks with medicated creams, helps lock in moisture so it can stay on longer.
Moisturizers – applying it both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.
Pumice Stones – these remove dead skin, and then you can massage cream onto your foot. This way the cream will be absorbed. The skin needs to be exfoliated; therefore the outer layer dead skin needs removal.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Cracked Heels

Monday, 13 April 2015 00:00

Tips for a Proper Trail Running Shoe Fit

anklesprains2When it comes to running outdoors, it is important to understand that outdoor trail shoes can be different than regular running shoes or trainers.

Mario Fraioli has listed four tips when it comes to understanding the differences in trail running shoes deciding the right type of shoe for you.



  • Trail shoes fit differently than other running shoes, they are snugger around the arch to eliminate lifting on uneven ground and there should be a thumbs worth of distance between the toes and front edge of the shoe.
  • Certain trail shoes have different levels of cushioning depending on the amount of protection and ability to feel the trail the individual runner wants.
  • Regular running shoes are not built for the trail and will wear down quicker; trail shoes are built stronger and can accommodate runners on varied road conditions.
  • Trail shoes have different soles for better performance on specific terrains. Rubber outsoles are best for running over boulders and rocks while knobby lugs build traction on terrains with loose dirt and wet conditions

Finding a proper fitting shoe is important whether it is for running or just for everyday wear. For more information contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are come factors to consider when it comes to investing in properly fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improperly fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, keeping properly fit shoes is vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about proper shoe fitting.

 

massagingNearly three percent of the American population suffers from hyperhidrosis, the excessive sweating of the hands and specifically the feet. The condition can become so severe that sufferers may begin to experience an uncomfortable movement when wearing shoes.

The Little Bamboo, a sock company, has come out with a new line of socks made out of bamboo fibers specifically for men with hyperhidrosis. The “no show socks” are breathable as well as moisture wicking making shoes for those with hyperhidrosis comfortable and breathable again.

The socks are also said to be anti-bacterial and anti-odor. If you are suffering from hyperhidrosis contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos from Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Hyperhidrosis of the Feet

Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.

Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.

Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.

In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.

A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about hyperhidrosis of the feet.

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