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overweight and feetAccording to a study led by Australian researchers, certain exercises can put pressure on the developing feet of overweight children. Due to their tendency to have fatter and flatter feet, overweight children are at risk for increased pressure on the arch—leading to foot pain and discomfort. This could ultimately cause kids to avoid participating in physical activity, which is crucial to health and well-being. Other forms of activity, such as swimming or cycling, may be a necessary alternative for overweight children uncomfortable with exercising. In a previous study, Diane L. Riddiford-Harland of the University of Wollongong and her coauthors found that overweight kids had higher “plantar pressures” while walking than normal-weight kids. The study also linked the higher pressures and flattening of the arches to a possibility that the kids would be less physically active.

Keeping your children’s feet healthy during their youth is essential in maintaining their overall health during adulthood. To learn more, speak to Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will provide you with quality podiatric care.  

How to Keep Your Child’s Feet Healthy

Throughout childhood, it is very crucial for children to have and maintain good health and proper care of their feet. With good foot health starting at an early age, foot problems and diseases can be prevented in the future. As children continue to develop so do their feet, and require different techniques of care and maintenance.

Even though babies do not begin walking until later stages, their feet should be taken care of properly:

• Stay away from socks that are too tight for your baby’s feet. This can cause pain and allow less circulation
• Encourage your baby to move their feet as much as possible so they feel comfortable with them

When your baby begins to learn how to walk, do not panic if they are unsteady on their feet. Toddlers are just getting used to the way in which their feet work so wobbliness is completely acceptable.

When your child grows out of their toddler years, here are a few steps they should take to stay with good health within their feet:

• Practice proper hygiene with them

• Be observant of any injuries that might occur

For more information about Keeping Children’s Feet Healthy, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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BunionIt is often believed that bunions and other various foot ailments occur because of ill fitting or unsupportive shoes such as high heels. However, information gathered by the Framingham Foot Study, led by Dr. Marian Hannan, suggests that certain foot problems are more likely to occur due to genetics in Caucasian men and in women of European descent. The study included 1,370 participants with an average age of 66 years and nearly 57% females involved. From 2002 and 2008, foot exams were conducted to verify foot deformities, hallux valgus, plantar soft tissue atrophy, and genetic analyses were estimated. The results concluded that bunions and other toe deformities were found to be highly hereditary while plantar soft tissue atrophy did not produce significant numbers. “These new findings highlight the importance of furthering our understanding of what causes greater susceptibility to these foot conditions, as knowing more about the pathway may ultimately lead to early prevention or early treatment,” stated Dr. Hannan.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, consider treatment as soon as possible to avoid extended discomfort. For more information about bunion treatments, consult with Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The enlargement is formed of swollen tissue or boney growth. This swelling is caused by a shifting of the bones in the big toe inward, impacting the other toes of the foot. The area around the base of the big toe may become inflamed, red, and/or painful.

Formation

Genetics – people who are susceptible to bunions are often genetically predisposed.

Stress on the feet – wearing improperly fitting shoes or running and walking with improper form may cause stress on the feet. Wearing high heeled shoes puts the weight from the body onto the toes, causing further stress and bone displacement.

Diagnosis

A podiatrist who specializes in foot structure and bio-mechanics will be able to diagnose bunions.

Blood Tests - testing the blood for gout or arthritic conditions can help identify the causes.

Radiological Exam – a podiatrist will request an exam to identify the bunion by taking a look at the bone structure. If the x-ray shows an enlargement of the joint near the base of the toe, this usually indicates a bunion.

For more information about Bunions, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Thursday, 12 February 2015 00:00

Flat Feet Can Worsen Over Time If Not Treated

Flat FeetAccording to research published in the Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery, treatment and prevention of a flat foot can reduce the possibility of other major foot ailments. Flat fleet also known as partial or total collapse of the arch has been known to occur mostly in overweight males with blue collar jobs. Often time symptoms such as, pain, swelling, flattening of the arch, and rolling of the ankle, will go on ignored and untreated. Foot and Ankle Surgeon H. Ashley Ledger states, “Flatfoot disorder may gradually worsen to the point that many of the tendons and ligaments in the foot and ankle are simply overworking.” Early treatment is important in flatfeet since ignoring the condition can lead to even more serious conditions including arthritis and loss of function.

Certain sports and physical activities may become difficult for children with flat feet. If you suspect that your child has the condition, speak to Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of %_doctoradress_%. Our doctor will answer any of your foot and ankle related questions and attend to all of your podiatric needs.

What are Flat Feet?

Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – if you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms:

Pain around the heel or arch area

Trouble standing on the tip toe.

Swelling around the inside of the ankle.

Flat look to one or both feet.

Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment:

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

For more information about Flat Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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obesityAccording to the World Health Organization, as obesity increases in young adults and children, so do foot and ankle problems. These issues are more likely to occur because there is too much pressure being put on the lower extremities. Obese children are less likely to participate in physical activities due to the problems that may occur in the foot structure and often time, obese individuals end up with flat feet due to the pressure. Childhood obesity may have a negative effect on the feet over a period of time and may result in permanent issues with foot function. For children and young adults to reduce the chance of permanent foot problems, it is important to establish the proper amount of diet and exercise. For some, additional coaching may be necessary to overcome the challenges of obesity.

Obesity has become very problematic at this point in time and can have extremely negative effects on the feet if not taken care of properly. If you’re an obese individual and you’re concerned about your feet, talk to Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos can determine if your weight has caused you to develop any complications in your lower extremities and get you the care that you need.

Obesity and your Feet

Since your feet are what support your entire weight when standing, any additional weight can result in pain and swelling. Being overweight is one of the main contributors to foot complications.

Problems & Complications

Extra Weight – Even putting on just a few extra pounds could create serious complications for your feet. As your weight increases, your balance and body will shift, creating new stresses on your feet. This uneven weight distribution can cause pain, even while doing the simplest tasks, such as walking.

Diabetes – People who are overweight are at serious risk of developing type-2 diabetes, which has a drastic impact on the health of your feet. As you get older, your diabetes might worsen, which could lead to loss of feeling in your feet, sores, and bruises. You could also become more prone to various infections.

Plantar fasciitis – Pressure and stress that is placed on muscles, joints, and tendons can trigger plantar fasciitis, which is an inflammation of tissue that forms along the bottom of the foot. 

For more information about Obesity and Your Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet all your needs.

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Flip-flopsAlthough flip-flops and sandals are typically worn less throughout the colder months, college students that shower in a communal space should keep wearing the sandals year round. Since public grooming areas are already naturally moist, they are common areas for biofilms, slimy areas where microorganisms stick together, to grow. Professor Philip Tierno of New York University’s School of Medicine even mentions that it will take more than soap and water to eliminate the hazards caused by biofilms. In order to reduce the chance of any infections that might occur when coming in contact with these biofilms, college students must make the choice to wear flip-flops anywhere near the shower. Tierno states, “People don’t think they have a contusion or lesion or crack in their skin, but many people have dried skin and they do have the ability for an organism to gain access to the foot and spread elsewhere in the body.”

Although flip-flops can cause a lot of foot problems if worn too often and in the incorrect conditions, they can help you to avoid infection in certain areas. If you have any questions concerning infections on the feet, consult with Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Flip-Flops and Feet

When the weather starts warming up, people enjoy wearing flip-flops.  Flip-flops are comfortable, stylish, and easy to slip on and off, perfect for any summer beach goer.  However, these shoes can cause harm to the feet.

How Can Flip-Flops Affect Me Long-Term?

  • Ankle problems

  • Hip problems

  • Lower back problems

  • Pain in the balls of the feet

  • Problems with foot arches

  • Changes in the way you walk


Are there injuries associated with flip-flops?

Yes.  Since flip-flops are relatively weak and do not provide the same amount of support as sneakers, people who wear flip-flops are more susceptible to injuries. On top of that, the open nature of the shoe makes your feet more prone to other problems, such as cuts and even infections.  Common injuries and ailments include:

  • Sprained ankles

  • Blisters

  • Infections

  • Cuts and Scrapes


I like wearing flip-flops, are there safe alternatives?

When buying flip-flops, try to find ones that have sturdy soles and are made of high quality materials that will support for your feet.  These flip-flops will cost more, but will also last longer as a result.

For more information about Flip Flops, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer all the newest in diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle conditions.

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FeetClaudia Jordan, the newest member of Real Housewives of Atlanta, has been the subject of the latest social media stir due to comments her fellow cast mates have made about her feet. Jordan has been noted for having extremely good looks, but in the latest sneak peek for the season, viewers took to twitter to deem the stars hammer toes with corns all over as “ugly.” Co-star NeNe Leaks only added to the conversation by stating she has better skin, feet, and overall genetics compared to Jordan. The 41 year-old took to her own twitter and blog to defend herself, “It started when I ran track and would wear a really tight track spike when I would race (basically cramming my feet in a shoe a size smaller), then when I got into modelling and wearing heels all the time, that wreaked havoc on my poor toes.”

Corns may be painful and embarrassing to have on your feet. If you have corns and would like to learn how to treat them, speak to Dr. Fausto J. Ramos at Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor can treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What are they? And how do you get rid of them?

Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:
- Well-fitting socks
- Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
- Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treating corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Salicylic acid can help in getting rid of these corns because it dissolves keratin, which is the protein that makes up a good majority of corns. Podiatrists recommend that people with diabetes not use salicylic acid but should consult with their podiatrist regarding the treatment of corns.

For more information about Corns on the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 14 January 2015 09:26

UK Woman Confuses Plantar Warts for Corns

study 2Kelly Bradford found several lumps in her heels and first believed them to be corns due to their rough texture. The growths did not seem to be going away with the help of salicylic acid and were much more painful than corns usually are. When the growths became so painful that Bradford could not place her heels on the ground, she decided to contact her doctor.

Bradford’s physician concluded that she did not have corns and had contracted plantar warts.  The pain she was more agonizing than anything she has experienced because the warts were pinching the nerves of her feet. With the help of some over-the-counter medication and cryotherapy, the warts in Bradford’s heels soon disappeared.

Plantar warts can be painful and can worsen if not treated properly. If you would like to be treated for plantar warts, consult with Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are found on the feet. These warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) getting into open wounds on the feet. You can recognize plantar warts by a hard bump on the foot. They are usually found on the heels or balls of the feet. Plantar warts are usually not a sign of anything dangerous but do not ignore them if they do cause pain or embarrassment.

If you do have a plantar wart, you may notice some pain when standing but since these warts are not cancerous or dangerous, a podiatrist only needs to be seen if there is excess pain. Although plantar warts don’t often call for treatment, there are options available. They can be frozen off, removed by an electric tool or burned off using laser treatment.

Home remedies are also available to help with plantar warts. An apple cider vinegar soak can help remove the wart. You can soak your feet in the vinegar for 20 minutes before using a pumice stone to remove any loose skin from the wart.

For more information about Plantar Warts, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer all the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to meet your needs.

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deborah-cole-thomasSince 2002, Deborah Cole Thomas has struggled with osteoarthritis in her feet and ankles. As a result of her condition, the 60 year old needed multiple surgeries and requires pain medication on a constant basis.
Fortunately, The University of Pittsburgh is conducting research to aid patients like Thomas. Rocky S. Tuan, a cellular and molecular engineering expert, leads a team use 3D printers to make replacement joints out of stem cells and scaffolding material. According to research, the artificial joints just might be more effective than the metal and plastic joints currently being used.
Podiatric care is important for the elderly. If your loved one requires foot care, see podiatrist Dr. Fausto Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos can treat your foot and ankle needs.    

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away.  Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.

Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.

Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:

  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles
  • Injuries left unnoticed
  • Insect or pet bites can also become inflamed and infected
  • Stepping on sharp objects, without notice can increase pain

Susceptible Infections
Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

Bacteria- feet which are exposed to floors that have moist environments like pools and spas are prone to bacteria. These areas can contribute to foot funguses and other diseases.

For more information about the Elderly and their Feet, read the following article.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot ankle injuries.

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orthotics1According to the Running Doc , Michigan State University recently conducted a study of children that specialize in one sport year. The study suggested that these children are more susceptible to injuries such as Sever’s disease. Sever’s disease occurs when there is an injury to the growth area of the heel bone that has not matured and is forced to develop in two parts. Sever’s disease can lead to foot problems into adulthood if not addressed properly. The study also found that although millions of children partake in sports each year, more than half tend to quit due to specialization. Playing one sport year round may cause additional pressure making the activity less fun and recreational.  

Growing children are prone to acquiring Sever’s disease. If your child is suffering from heel pain, see podiatrist Dr. Fausto Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Toe gait- develops in which the child must change the way they walk to avoid placing weight on the heel. This can lead to other problems as well in the future.

Symptoms

Acute pain – pain asscoiatied with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

For more information about Sever’s Disease, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sever’s Disease

diabetic-foot-care3A research team at Stanford University School of Medicine recently discovered a potential new way to quickly heal foot ulcers in diabetic patients. Dr. Geoffrey Gurthner and his colleagues developed a new drug, administered through a patch on the skin that increases a protein in diabetic patients and can reduce blockages in the blood vessels in order to allow wounds from the ulcers to heal properly.

For diabetics, foot ulcers can result in more drastic problems than just foot pain such as infections or amputations. The researchers studied the patch on a human skin apparatus that eventually proved to heal the skin 14 days faster than planned and even improved the overall quality of the skin where the ulcer once appeared. Dr. Gurthner and his research team also hope that high quality healing effects of this patch will be able to prevent ulcers from re-occurring in patients.

Diabetes is a very serious condition that can result in amputation or worse if left untreated. If you are diabetic and have any concerns, visit Dr. Fausto Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Dr. Ramos can treat your diabetic feet.   

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people of all ages each year. Diabetes damages blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. When damage occurs to nerves in the feet, they may be unable to send the proper signals to the peripheral nervous system, resulting in a condition known as neuropathy. Once a diabetic patient develops neuropathy, it is imperative that the feet are well taken care of to avoid possible amputation of the feet.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

- Regularly check your feet for bruises or sores.
- Wear socks that fit your feet; socks shouldn’t be tight.
- Wear properly fitting shoes that are comfortable.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their Hemoglobin A1C levels as this test lets the physician know how well the blood sugar levels have been controlled during the past 3 months. It is important to keep the blood sugar levels in a normal range (70-110mg/dl). It is advisable to visit a podiatrist if the diabetic patient is experiencing any conditions involving the feet.

For more information about Diabetic Foot Care, follow the link below.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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