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fungal-toenail2Cracked heels are a common foot ailment year round that can be caused by many different activities some of which most people may not even be aware of. While walking barefoot where your feet are exposed to dust and hard floors can cause heel cracking and those with conditions such as diabetes and arthritis are more susceptible to it. From the chemicals in the detergent to wash your clothes with to improper foot care or posture, there are many factors in cracked heels. Talking to a podiatrist is the best bet in healing your feet properly if you are suffering from the foot ailment.

Cracked heels can become painful if left untreated. To learn more, consult with Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.  

The Truth about Cracked Heels

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels are unappealing, and make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Not only may they look bad, but they can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How do you get them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief, or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – wearing socks with medicated creams, helps lock in moisture so it can stay on longer.

Moisturizers – applying it both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – these remove dead skin, and then you can massage cream onto your foot. This way the cream will be absorbed. The skin needs to be exfoliated; therefore the outer layer dead skin needs removal.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

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running-shoe18Former U.S. Mountain Running Team member Tommy Manning is no stranger to novice runners who select running shoes based more on looks than function and fit. When the athlete previously worked in a running specialty store, Manning often encounter customers who would ignore the running shoes suggested to them by the store’s running experts in favor of a pair that is more fashionable or better looking. “Feet come in all shapes and sizes, with varying widths, arch heights and amounts of pronation or supination,” he shares. “So you should by the shoe that is best for your foot in function and fit.”

Getting the right shoe size is an important part of proper foot health. If you have any concerns about your feet contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Getting the Right Shoe Size

There are many people that wear shoes that are ill-fitting, which affects their feet and posture. Selecting the right shoes is not a difficult process so long as you keep several things in mind when it comes to selecting the right pair.

  • When visiting the shoe store, use the tools available to measure your foot
  • When measuring your foot with your shoe on, add 1-2 inches to the size
  • Be sure there is ‘wiggle room’. There should be about an inch between your toes and the tip of your shoes
  • Do not always assume you are the same size, as manufacturers run differently
  • Purchase shoes later in the day as your feet swell as the day progresses
  • If a shoe is not comfortable, it is not suitable. Most shoes can’t be ‘broken in’, and comfort should be the ultimate goal when it comes to choosing the right pair of shoes

As our feet hold our body weight and keep us moving, it is important to treat your feet right by choosing the right pair of shoes that can provide them comfort and mobility with minimal pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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fungal-toenail2While vinegar has long been recommended for treating foot problems such as athlete’s foot and toenail fungus, some critics say that there is no specific evidence to support those claims. Carol S. Johnston of Arizona State University states, “In popular media, vinegar is commonly recommended for treating toenail fungus, yet support for these treatment strategies is lacking.” Even though there is no scientific backing, remedies involving vinegar are listed on websites such as LiveStrong, Reader’s Digest, and The Huffington Post. Ultimately, if you are suffering from athlete’s foot or any other foot ailment, it is best to contact your podiatrist first.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you are concerned about your athlete’s foot, contact our podiatrist Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speaking to your podiatrist will give you a better understanding of the different causes of athlete’s foot, as well as helping you figure out which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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sprained-ankle2Cody Hollister, receiver for Arkansas, sustained an injury during practice that broke his foot. Hollister will have to undergo surgery for the injury, but is expected to be back on the field soon. While the team does not have any information as to when the player will return, this is the second injury for an Arkansas receiver this season. Keon Hatcher is set to miss six weeks after surgery for his broken foot. This season Hollister has had four receptions for 65 yards in two games.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you are seeking treatment for a broken foot, visit Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue (foot)
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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foot-care6With New York Fashion Week and London Fashion Week coming to an end, designers will be seen attending and presenting their shows with their hair pulled back and heels left in their closets in exchange for more comfortable footwear. One designer, Anya Hindmarch, attempted to comfortably revive her guests with bright and familiar objects and logos while keeping her models in sneakers and more comfortable shoes. Models walking down the runway in what resembled gymnastics leotards gave way to a more comfortable outlook of the week; one without blisters, calluses and other issues caused by the effects of high heels.

High heels have a history for causing foot and ankle problems. If you have any concerns about your feet contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity. Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain. Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?

If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems. Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet. Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising. If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work. Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock; you can buy either full inserts or metatarsal pads.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about the effects of high heels.

feet3Callum Brown, a school boy from Seaton Sluice recently had to travel to the United States for an operation that would get him walking again. Brown has suffered from cerebral palsy causing him to be wheelchair bound since the cords of his heels were consistently collapsing. Surgeons suggested wearing breaking his outer foot bones in order to add a piece making it longer than the cords. This procedure creates a foundation for his feet that will allow him to walk without any aids.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to fix a foot ailment. If you have any concerns about your foot and ankle needs contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to help with the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary are:

  • Removing foot deformities like bone spurs and bunions
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about foot surgery.

childrens-feet16Riley Curry, daughter of NBA Champion and MVP Stephen Curry, has been recently pictured having her ankles taped for support by her father. The picture captioned “Must run in the family,” comes after many of her relatives have been known to suffer from weak ankles. Stephen suffered from ankle issues early in his career causing him to miss much of the 2011-12 season as well as some of the 2013 season. Seth, Riley’s uncle also suffered from ankle injuries during his senior year at Duke.

Ankle injuries are often common, but need immediate treatment. If you have any concerns about your ankles contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What To Know About Ankle Injuries

It is very common to incur an injury to the ankle. As the point of connection from the leg and the foot, the ankle is susceptible to sprains and fractures due to its location. Ankle sprains, the most common ankle injury, occur when the foot is twisted in an unnatural way. This unnatural twisting results in severe pain as a result of inflammation and swelling. This inflammation and swelling comes from fluid leakage into the tissues, which sensitize and place additional pressure on the nerves. Heavy blood flow also occurs, which is why swollen ankles are warm to the touch. Ankle sprains can occur by the following means:

·         Sports injuries

·         Slipping on stairs

·         Walking on uneven ground

While ankle sprains can be minor, if you are experiencing severe pain, bone deformity, loss of sensation or even an inability to walk, it is a sure sign that you require immediate medical attention. X-rays could determine potential fractures. The ankle can experience injury in the joint, tendons, and ligaments. Anytime there is an ankle injury ice should be applied to the injured area in order to reduce inflammation. To reduce pressure, elevate the ankle above the level of the heart and apply an elastic bandage as needed.

If you have any concerns contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot or ankle needs.

Read more about ankle injuries.

childrens-feet14With summer coming to an end the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) reminds parents and coaches that increased involvement in school sports can also increase the likelihood for foot and ankle injuries to occur. This applies particularly to kids who play field sports. Ten percent of all injuries seen in emergency departments are ankle sprains alone. Parents and coaches should therefore make sure to recognize the signs of foot and ankle injuries and to seek treatment early.

Looking out for potential foot and ankle injuries is vital in maintaining proper development in children’s feet. If you have any concerns contact Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

  • Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
  • Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’. Be sure the child wears comfortable and protective shoes so that they can grow into their feet properly.

As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

  • Show them proper hygiene to prevent infections such as fungus
  • Be watchful of any pain or injury
  • Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
  • Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

Children of all ages are constantly developing and growing, and as a parent you want to make sure that nothing is hindering their maturation.

If you have any concerns feel free contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about keeping children’s feet healthy.

running-shoe9Celebrity runners such as Tiki Barber, Katrina Bowden, and Uzo Aduba recently shared their marathon running tips while training for the Airbnb Brooklyn Half Marathon, TCS New York City Marathon, and the Boston Marathon. “I’ll soak in an ice tub, do lots of stretching. And I get massages on a regular basis which helps a ton,” stated Tiki Barker on his recovery. Prone to plantar fasciitis, “30 Rock” star Bowden states, “I have to roll out my feet on a plastic ball every couple of days.” This helps ease the stabbing heel pain caused by the condition. Uzo Aduba of “Orange is the New Black” recalls overrunning and developing what she thought was a fracture in her foot. Since then she has learned to pace herself and slow down in order to progress.

Runners can still be prone to running injuries even with proper precautions. If you are suffering from a running injury see Dr. Fausto J. Ramos from Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor will provide you with quality treatment and assist you with all of your foot and ankle concerns.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber, this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries

hammertoe4Cindy Sherman has been suffering from arthritis for so long that she has been left unable to use her feet and walk. Hearing about how much Sherman’s life has changed, her former classmate, David Wilson, has partnered with UYM Charities based in Long Island to fund the modification of Sherman’s home to fit her needs. Sherman has been in manufacturing for sixteen years until her condition forced her to stop. Currently surviving with the help of her relatives living with her or close by, they all hope Wilson’s modifications to the Sherman home will have her living a more independent life again.

The feet are often common sites for arthritis to occur in the body. If you are struggling with arthritis in your feet or ankles, call Dr. Fausto J. Ramos of Ramos Foot and Ankle Center. Our doctor can examine your lower extremities to help alleviate your joint pain.

Arthritic Foot Care

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Perth Amboy, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all of your foot ankle injuries.

Read more about Arthritic Foot Care

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